How did the history of various roller skating competitions come about? (May 10, 2022)
At the beginning of the 20th century, roller skating was widely developed in the United States and Europe, and some countries established speed roller skating clubs. The market for roller skates for men is rapidly rising and expanding. In 1910, the roller skating game began to appear in Europe, and in 1908 the United Kingdom built the world's largest roller skating rink. Due to the vigorous development of roller skating in Europe and North America, and the establishment of a world organization to manage the sport in a unified manner, it is very necessary to promote its healthy development. Therefore, the first congress of the International Roller Skating Federation was held in Montreux, Switzerland in 1924. 11 representatives from Switzerland, Britain, France and Germany attended the meeting. The meeting elected the Swiss Ren Kewitz as the first president. The chairman, Otto Meyer, was the secretary general and decided to hold an annual congress. In April 1926, the first European Rollerball Championship was held in which six countries participated. The participating countries include the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland and so on. In 1936 the first World Rollerball Championships were held in Stuttgart, Germany. England took first place, Italy second and Portugal third. The first speed roller skating competition rules were established in the United States in 1937. This also gave rise to specialized roller skates manufacturers. In 1937, the first World Speed Skating Championships were officially held in Monza, Italy. In the same year, the first European Figure Skating Championships were held in Munich, Germany. Five years later, the first World Figure Skating and Figure Dance Championships were held in Washington, USA. In 1938, the first World Championships of Speed Skating was held in London, England. A total of 6 events, the British team won the championship in 4 of them, Italy won the 1000-meter championship, and Belgium won the 1500-meter championship. In 1939, the rules of figure skating were formulated. Since then, roller skating has developed rapidly in countries around the world, and has really embarked on the road of roller skating competition. The International Federation of Roller Skating was officially recognized at the 43rd session of the International Olympic Committee held in Rome on April 28, 1940. This decision made roller skating quickly spread from Europe to North America, South America, Africa, Oceania and other places, and roller skating championships have also been launched in various continents. Outdoor roller skates manufacturers have risen to a new level. In 1947, the first World Figure Skating Championships were held in Washington, USA. Moens of the United States won the men's single skating champion; Switzerland's Vihelli or women's single skating champion; Belgium's Cowling/Lee Mans won the dance champion; Germany's Garlandville/Rudwig won the pair skating champion. In 1952, the first World Roller Skating Championships were held. At that time, only men's events were held. In the same year, the International Roller Skating Federation officially changed its name to the current International Roller Skating Federation (FIRS). Japan in Asia also joined the organization in the same year and became the earliest member of the International Roller Skating Federation in Asia, when roller skating spread across five continents. At present, more than 60 countries and regions around the world have joined the association. From 1952 to 1957, the Germans swept the world championships and dominated the world for a while. Since 1968, Americans have broken the German monopoly in the double and dance events and won the championship. In recent years, Italy's single skating and pair skating level has been very strong, winning consecutive men's single skating championships. At present, the United States, Germany, and Italy are the powerhouses of figure skating in the world, and the trade of figure roller skates for women has risen to the whole world. Spain, Argentina and Australia also did well. The International Roller Skating Federation has three committees: figure skating, roller skating and speed roller skating. Headquarters are now located in the United States, and the Figure Skating Committee is located in San Francisco, the United States; the Speed Skating Committee is located in Rome, Italy; the Roller Ball Committee is located in Lisbon, Portugal. In 1992, the International Olympic Committee decided to make roller skating an official event of the Olympic Games.
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